Acid Reflux Causes, Symptoms and Medication

Acid reflux (GERD) is a condition where your stomach acid churns up from your stomach into your esophagus. It can be extremely uncomfortable, as it causes a burning sensation in your chest and throat. If left untreated, it can lead to more serious conditions, including cancer. Spitting up and vomits are the main symptoms of infant reflux.

GERD can’t be cured in the sense that the root cause of acid reflux is not exactly known. When the root cause is not known, it can’t be targeted, and therefore can’t be cured. Things that you can do for acid reflux help include taking medication, changing diet, modifying lifestyle, and managing stress. If you have a mild case, minor changes in diet and lifestyle are all you might need.


One course of GERD help is medication. The strength, type, and frequency of medication depend on the severity of the acid reflux and the heartburn that goes with it. If the heartburn is a recurring and serious problem, medications including histamine antagonists might be prescribed. These antagonists work to keep the stomach from secreting acid that is triggered by gastrin and histamine. There are new medications available for acid reflux help as well. Proton pump inhibitors block the final step in acid production. Another group of medication, called prokinetic agents, do not block or inhibit acid production. Rather, they help to push through the stomach faster by increasing the pressure on the lower esophageal sphincter.

Exercise is one of the best things you can do, not only treating this condition, but for overall health. Exercise helps as it aids in speeding digestion. When digestion is slowed, it increases pressure in the gastric area and can cause acid to reflux into the esophagus. Chronic heartburn can cause damage to the esophagus.

Combined with a healthy diet, avoid highly acidic and fatty foods, weight reduction is one of the best things you can do for yourself. Finding new and creative ways to prepare your favourite foods can stimulate your palate and liven up your routine. Combine a sensible diet regimen with an exercise program.

Specialized equipment can help alleviate symptoms as well. There are pillows available to keep heartburn at bay. Shaped like wedges, these pillows keep your head higher than the stomach to keep the acid from creeping up and reducing stomach pressure.

Acid Reflux Symptoms

Acid Reflux in Babies:

Acid reflux is uncomfortable for everyone. In children however, can be more difficult to diagnose. It can be minimized if parents follow the following tips.

The first step in minimizing acid reflux in children is to make sure they are sitting straight up after a feeding. By keeping a baby upright for a half hour or longer after feedings, you are allowing gravity to assist in keeping the food down into the stomach. Also, it helps to reduce the baby’s movement as much as possible for the first half hour after feeding.

Also Read: Natural Home Remedies for Digestive Disorders
Also Read: Home Remedies to Stop Stomach Bloating and Gas

The second step is to evaluate the different feeding options for babies. Breastfeeding is the ideal choice for reducing acid reflux in infant babies. However, breastfeeding isn’t always possible, nor is it feasible for every mother. Talk to your pediatrician about different baby formulas. Sometimes, switching to a lactose-free brand or a hypoallergenic brand can help with acid reflux treatment. If you are breastfeeding, try taking certain foods out of your diet one at a time. Dairy products can be a culprit in this cases. Also, try cutting out spicy foods and caffeine products. Eliminate one food at a time for a period of seven days each. Introduce the food back into your diet after a week and see if there is a change in the baby’s symptoms. This will allow you to learn what foods agree with your baby and which foods to avoid.

Third, feed the baby smaller portions of food spread throughout the day. By feeding the baby smaller portions, there is less food in the stomach that can potentially reflux into the esophagus. As well, burp her in more frequent intervals. By doing so, you get the air out of their stomachs, reducing the pressure in the abdominal area. Finally, try using infant-approved oatmeal to thicken their food. This adds weight to the food, causing it to stay down. Before making any changes to your baby’s diet, always consult your child’s pediatrician.

The fourth way you is to be aware of pressure put on their stomachs. For example, the positioning of the child’s car seat can place undue pressure on their abdomen. The safety belts on the car seat when the babies are slouched over can put pressure on their stomachs, worsening the acid reflux. Ensure that the seat is positioned properly so as not to cause slouching when your baby falls asleep. Car seats need to be somewhat reclined, but not so much that the seat is fully reclined.

All babies spit up now and then. However, babies with acid reflux tend to throw up much more frequently. When the food in the baby’s stomach, along with stomach acid, regurgitates back into the esophagus, and even back into the infant’s mouth.

There are a few common symptoms to watch out for if you suspect acid reflux to be affecting your baby. Frequent throwing-up is a big symptom to watch out for. Persistent coughing is another sign. If you notice your baby re-swallowing their food often, your baby may suffer from acid reflux.

Test: There are four ways to test for acid reflux in infants. Many times, parents can just give all the information to the doctor to make a proper diagnosis.

The first test is an x-ray that shows the esophagus, small intestines and stomach. This test usually looks for a narrower opening or obstructions that may be causing the acid reflux. This test can be performed on infants as well as adults.

Another way to test for acid reflux in infants is called the pH probe. In this test, a tube is placed up the nose and down the esophagus for a period of 24 hours. At the end of the tube is a probe that measures the acidity levels in the patient’s stomach. This is considered one of the most efficient ways to test for acid reflux in infants.

The third test is called upper GI endoscopy. In this test, a light tube is placed up the nose and down the throat, through the stomach into the small intestine. This enables the pediatrician to see right into the stomach. A pinch biopsy of the small intestines also may help determine if your child is suffering from acid reflux.

The fourth way that a doctor can check is called Gastric Emptying. This test involves feeding your child food or milk mixed with a radioactive chemical. Then the doctor, using a camera, can follow the food and see if the patient is suffering from acid reflux.

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