Can Dehydration Cause Joint Pain? Dehydration and Joint Pain

Water is the basis of all life forms, everyone would agree to that. Also, we are all aware of how important water is in our bodies. Much like the surface of the earth, out body is made up of 70 per cent of water. Out brain, muscles, lungs, kidneys, blood and bones, all have significant amounts of water. A lot of chemical reactions in the body need water. No wonder, drinking sufficient quantities of water is one lesson even a layman can give you.

Water for Joints:

With the summer season already here and temperatures crossing the 35 degree mark, it is important for people with joint related ailments or even others to make sure they are drinking enough water. Consuming water is also important in winter months but since your body loses a lot of fluid in sweat in summers, the need to consume more water increases. If we deplete this crucial ingredient there will be changes in the body to compensate for the loss. This can exacerbate pain and increase your problems.

For our joints, water acts as an important lubricating agent that prevents friction injuries, the way oil does for automobiles. This holds true for spinal discs as well, which act as cushions between the vertebrae and absorb the shocks that come to the spine.

The discs between our vertebrae also play the crucial role of shock absorbers. They are very important in preventing injuries to the spinal columns. Discs act as soft ligament to hold the vertebrae together and whenever pressure is applied on the vertebra, they take most of it. Water is an important component in keeping the disc soft and functioning to their potential.

The surfaces of the bones joint are covered with smooth cartilage to allow smooth movement in the bones. The cartilage is a semi soft tissue that needs to be soft to play its function of protecting the bones properly. Cartilage, like our body, is full of fluid in normal circumstances. And for this surface to remain smooth it has to be hydrated and be full of fluid. Hence, the importance of keeping your body hydrated. If the cartilage around the joints is dehydrated, its surface becomes wrinkled and unsmooth. For a surface that keeps gliding over another to make the body joint move, one can understand the consequences of it losing fluid and becoming rough. It can cause friction and mild wearing down of the surface, which does not work well for a joint. For people already suffering from arthritis or joint related ailments, this might unnecessarily augment pain and uneasiness.

Moreover, there is also lack of blood vessels in the cartilage, and therefore water acts as a transporting agent for important nutrients. Dehydration may also deprive the joints of this important carrier.

With summer already wreaking havoc, it is important for us to remember the crucial role water plays in our body. Keep yourself hydrated and prevent unnecessary joint pain. Also limit your intake of alcohol, caffeine as well as soft drinks, as they are dehydrating agents.

Dehydration and Joint Pain

Also Read: Physiotherapy Exercises for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

What Happens To Our Bones When We Are Dehydrated?

• Excessive dehydration can exacerbate joint and back pain besides causing a slew of health problems like diarrhea, heat stroke, cramps, fatigue and mental disorientation.

• Our bones and the cartilage surrounding them contain a significant amount of water. And ensuring sufficient intake of water can help keep your joints lubricated. The calcium that makes up our bones keeps breaking down and keeps refurbishing. This process or rebuilding of calcium also requires water.

• Dehydration happens when your body’s intake of fluid is less than the loss of fluid it is experiencing. Naturally, the lost fluid is not being sufficiently replenished and this will cause a number of problems in the body.

• Moderate dehydration can cause problems like dry skin, constipation, light-headedness, headache and heat cramps.

• When dehydration turns excessive, it can cause more severe problems like unconsciousness, heat strokes, lack of urination, sunken eyes, low blood pressure, fatigue and joint and back pain.

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