What Causes Infertility in Women?

Getting pregnant can be as easy as stopping the pill and engaging in sex or as difficult as consulting fertility specialists and enduring the tests.

Indeed, not all pregnancies are created equal. Causes of infertility in women can be highly varied and can range from physical to psychological.

An estimated 6 million women in the United States are trying to come to terms with the bitter truth of infertility. Each year over 2 million married couples are diagnosed as infertile, dashing their hopes of parenthood.

Infertility Causes

Common Causes of Infertility in Women:

Hormonal Concerns: This is the leading cause of infertility in women that manifests itself in the form of irregularities in the menstrual cycle. Any hormonal issues will have a grave impact on the ovulation process in the body, marring the quality of the eggs.

What causes of infertility in women related to hormonal issues include:


Weight Issues: Obesity; while an unlikely culprit, may often lead to infertility, the excess fat in the pelvic area can cause a hindrance in the ovulation process.


Unhealthy Lifestyle: Alcohol consumption, smoking, or using tobacco is any other form and stress, etc can also make it difficult to conceive. An unhealthy fertility diet and eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia will also adversely affect your chances of having a child.


Premature Menopause: This condition has no scientific explanation; it is marked by abrupt anovulation, where the eggs are simply not produced in the body.

A lot of doctors attribute this condition to prolonged low body weight and extensive physical activity while some say that the condition is caused because the ovaries simply run out of eggs.


Abdominal infections: Infections such as those caused due to sexually transmitted diseases can cause scarring and damage to the Fallopian tubes.

Some abdominal diseases like colitis and appendicitis may also cause inflammation in the abdominal cavity leading to a blockage of the Fallopian tubes.


Endometriosis: An estimated 10% of the infertile couples are diagnosed with endometriosis. The condition can reduce the chances of conception by 12 to 36 percent while almost 30% to 40% women with the diagnosis of infertility.

The endometrium is the lining of the uterus which is typically supposed to grow on the inner side of the organ. However, in women who suffer from endometriosis infertility, the lining also grows on the outside of the uterus and often extends to the Fallopian tubes and the ovaries, blocking them in the process.


Uterine Abnormalities: Certain conditions of the uterus such as polyps, fibroid, and adenomyosis may also cause an obstruction in the ovaries and the Fallopian tubes.


Problems with Cervical Mucus: Almost 3% of infertile couples have problems due to female cervical mucus. The consistency of the mucus has to be just right to enable the sperms to move forward towards the egg. Often the mucus may treat the sperms as an intrusion, activating the body’s defense system and killing the sperms.


Drugs: Exposure to harmful chemicals such as drugs used in chemotherapy may also possible cause of infertility. So, regardless of the causes of infertility, it is possible to get pregnant through the use of natural home remedies and holistic measures.

Also Read: How Does Stress Affect Your Fertility?

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