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Sinus Infection Causes, Symptoms, Types and Treatment

Sinus infection is the swelling of the mucosal lining of our nose. It’s symptoms are very similar with that of common colds which is a reason why a lot of people do not know that they are already experiencing sinus infection until it has become a long-term condition. Our sinuses are normally hollow and contains only air. But when it is inflamed and blocked, bacteria and viruses thrive and can cause infection. The reasons why our sinus are blocked may be due to common colds or allergic rhinitis.

What are the different types of sinus infection?

Sinus infection can be categorized into four namely acute, sub-acute, chronic and recurrent sinusitis. Acute sinusitis refers to the sudden onset of symptoms which does not go away for 7-10 days. It usually lasts for less than 4 weeks. A sub-acute sinusitis and chronic sinusitis meanwhile lasts for 4-8 weeks and more than 8 weeks respectively. Several attacks of sinus infection is referred to as recurrent sinusitis.

Who is at risk?

Sinus infection is a very prevalent health condition troubling millions of people every year. Because of the kind of environment, full of pollutants, dusts, pollens, that we have today, a lot more people tend to suffer from this condition through out their lives. Those who have greater risk of having it are those who have swelling of their mucous lining due to common cold, structure defects such as in the case of nasal polyps, or a blockage in the drainage ducts. Allergies among children is the most common contributing factor while smoking and frequent infections are that of the adults.

What is Sinus Infection

What are the symptoms?

1. Facial pain, feeling of stuffiness, nasal discharge which is foul or smelly, cough or congestion, loss of smell are among its major symptoms.

2. Other symptoms may include fever, fatigue or a dental problem.

3. Chronic sinusitis also has the same symptoms only that it lasts for more than 8 weeks and it is usually accompanied by fever and a pus in the nasal cavity.

Diagnosis:

A proper diagnosis usually helps in finding the appropriate form of treatment for sinusitis. A doctor can do this by checking your blood for any sign of sinus infection, he may also look through your medical history or just use the outright symptoms that you may be having to make the diagnosis. Once the doctor has made a diagnosis, he or she will be in a good position to prescribe the right kind of treatment for you.

Also Read: Surgery for Sinus Infection

Treatment? 

The treatment for a simple infection usually includes over-the-counter medications such as pain, relievers, decongestants and mucolytics. However, when the body is not responding to the OTC medications, doctors usually prescribe antibiotics for bacterial sinus infection. The key here is living in a clean environment and breathing fresh air to avoid coming in contact with pollutants and other unwanted virus and bacteria that loom in the air.

Tips:

• Try some rest and be calm

• Take medicines prescribed by the doctor

• Do not read or write anything exerting pressure to the eyes

• Take some hot beverages such as black tea and coffee

• Rest in a semi dark room

• Avoid noisy environment in case of sinusitis headaches and don’t shout

• In case of heavy pain don’t panic just call your doctor for immediate relief

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