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Common Cold Causes, Symptoms, Treatments and Remedies

Managing a runny nose, sneezing, coughing, tiredness and general discomfort is a challenge that even the world’s best athletes cannot conquer. You may be surprised to learn that there is no specific medicine to overcome the cold virus. In fact, there are multiple types of cold viruses and the most common cause is one of the 100 different types called the rhinovirus.

An old saying advocates that the common cold is treated with a week of remedies or you can wait seven days and the symptoms disappear. The studies on vitamin C have not shown clear evidence that they work, unless you are an adventure sportsman doing a marathon in the sub-Arctic region.

Not everyone with a cold can take it easy. People with health issues like diabetes or on medicines that decrease immunity should be careful and keep a watch for a fever that does not decrease or coughing with a lot of phlegm’s these are signs of a secondary infection by bacteria in the lungs.

Common Cold Causes:

The cold is quite common because over 25 million individuals seek care in the US for upper respiratory infections every year and about 22 million miss school because of a cold. The rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, influenza virus, parainflenza virus and adenoviruses are common causes of the cold especially in preschool children. Some of these other viruses may cause different illnesses along with the cold-bronchiolitis or inflammation of the small air tubes by the respiratory syncytial virus or mouth ulcers with fever from the Coxsackie A virus.

Immunity is generated once a person has a cold but given the number of different varieties of each virus this does not, help much. Colds occur more in winters but they can occur at any time of the year. The infection spreads by hand contact or by inhaling droplets with the virus when someone coughs.

Sometimes, the spreading of the virus from an infected person to the hands of another person occurs within ten seconds and then onto the eyes and nose. Virus peaks in infectivity on day three which is usually the peak in symptoms. People may incubate the virus for 24-72 hours when the person is infected but do not have any symptoms.

Once infected, the body sends white blood cells to defend it. The green color of the secretions and phlegm is not due to bacteria but due to enzymes in the white blood cells. Kids less than six years of age have an average of six-eight colds per year and older kids and adults have two-four per year. Most people have symptoms for 10 days but smoker have about three additional days of symptoms.

At times, the cold can cause other problems like ear infections, asthma and a worsening of the sinus infection. Colds can also resemble other conditions like allergic rhinitis, bacterial tonsillitis or peruses and these need different treatment.

Common Cold Symptoms:

There are more than 200 viruses are there to cause this viral infectious disease. During common cold there will be no medicine and other anti-viral in order to combat with these symptoms. There is only way of taking foods which are rich in vitamin C and Zinc. Common cold symptoms may vary from one person to another and so taking the correct remedy for each type of symptoms are quite difficult.

The common cold will include the symptoms of fever, stuffy nose, sneezing, fatigue, coughing and headache. Thus headache will finally results in running of nose. The low fever is a major symptom of viral infection. The association of National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) has been suggested taking enough amount of water and fluids will be more helpful in getting rid of these infectious diseases.

Common Cold

Common Cold Treatment:

Symptom relief is usually adequate for managing a cold. Sometimes a special nasal inhaler may help decrease a runny nose and sneezing. Use of an antihistamine with a decongestant can also help but watch out for side effects like sedation and dryness of the eyes, nose and mouth. Generally, a cough is self-limited and should not need any medication. Nasal decongestants should be used for only two-three days since overuse leads to paradoxical increase in nasal congestion.

Zinc has shown some benefit in decreasing the duration of symptoms and severity but some preparations can cause permanent loss of smell. A lot of research in other medications is ongoing such as interferon and other herbal products. Multiple other prevention strategies have been tested and among other things, exercise as well as gargling with water may decrease cold symptoms.

Washing your hands regularly, reducing stress, consuming more and more vegetables & fruits, taking good sleep and complete bed rest is one of the best treatments for common cold. Anyway taking rest will be much useful in maintaining a healthy immune systems and also much more essential for being and healthy. We should take care of our body seriously otherwise it would be much difficult to getting rid of common cold symptoms.

Although, it is not a serious health problem but it is very painful. It can cause pain when swallowing or talking. Fortunately there are some natural and effective home remedies available that help relieve common cold infection quickly.

Home Remedies for Common Cold:

Holy Basil and Pepper:

Take a handful of Holy Basil (Tulasi) leaves and 10 black peppercorns. Mix both ingredients, grind them together and consume thrice a day. This preparation relieves cough and cold.

Thick-Leaf Lavender and Peppercorns:

Take 7 thick-leaf lavender leaves and 10 black peppercorns. Mix both ingredients, grind them together and consume thrice a day. This preparation relieves cough and cold.

Ginger and Honey:

Take 4 teaspoon of ginger juice, add 4 teaspoon of honey and 2 teaspoon of lemon juice with half cup of water mix all the ingredients and consume regularly.


Gargling with salt water is considered one of the best cures for cold and cough. Where the mucous cells of the throat may have been swelling, therefore, Gargling with salt and warm water works on diluted and relief the pain. Take a glass of warm water and half a teaspoon of salt, mix it and gargle with it not more than three times a day.


Honey has been one of the cures for common cold for a long time and has proven its effectiveness in the treatment of cough, as it contains anti-bacterial properties, and its ability to extract water of inflamed tissue. Mix one teaspoon of organic honey in a cup of hot water, consume several times a day.

Marshmallow: Marshmallow roots have been used treating cold and cough for a long time. It is useful treatment of sore throat. Add one tsp of the roots to one cup of boiling water and soaked them for 30 minutes. Consume this drink 2 to 3 times a day.

Garlic: Although garlic’s taste and smell has a huge effectiveness as an antibiotic killer of bacteria, which is useful for all kinds of infections, including common cold. Simply put a piece of garlic in your mouth and suck its juice.

Ginger Tea: You can use ginger tea to relieve sore throat. It actually has shown its effectiveness for many people. To make ginger tea, take a small teaspoon of ginger roots after peel. Then put the ginger in a cup of warm water, put it in water with a small teaspoon of tea and left it soaking in water for 15 minutes, and then take it up immediately before it became cold.

Slipery Elm:

Slipery elm is an herb made up of a substance known as mucilage and it has been used for hundreds of years to treat cough and cold. It has a very strong ability to soothe all the mucous membranes of the body. And glue in the inner bark of the tree has the ability to expand when exposed to liquid as is the case in the throat or breathing passages. This has very calming effect.

The half a teaspoon of the inner barks of the slippery elm and adds it to two cups of water and soaks it for a few minutes. Then filtered and sweetens, and taking it slowly because it is still warm. This grass may not be available constantly you can buy slippery elm online or in the form of capsules from any pharmacy.

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