What is a Herniated Disc? Types, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Herniated disc in the neck region which is essentially equal to a bulging disc in neck is a very dangerous and degenerative condition. This bulging disc is most commonly referred to as “herniated disc in the neck” of the spinal cord particularly the cervical region of the human person’s spine. One of the many wonders of the human body is the beauty of the well arranged and equipped body parts to sustain and maintain homeostasis of life. Along with the many “parts” of the human body are discs in the spine that are composed of gelatinous material which exists to cushion or to provide comfort to our spine by being shock absorbers.

More often, they carry the weight that rests on the person’s spine so that the bones of the body will not crash and bump into each other. This wonderful function of discs in the neck can be altered by a lot of factors more particularly by accidents or traumatic injuries such as the whiplash injuries. Most common bulging disc in neck symptom is pain that yields or cause back pain, some, lower back pains but mostly pain exists in the neck region which is the most affected region of the spine.

The lumbar region is usually affected by this kind of disease but sometimes bulging disc in neck region also happens. When this happens to a lumbar area, the pain usually radiates to the leg. In bulging disc in neck, the pain radiates to the arms or shoulder due to a pinched nerve in the neck. Because discs are soft and sticky, they serve as shock absorbers for certain traumas in the spine. But when discs becomes worn off or looses water content, bulging disc may happen that leads to a pain in the neck.

Types of Herniated Disc:

Type-1: The first type is the herniated lumbar disc that most often occurs on the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebra and is the most common of all bulging disk.

Type-2: The second type is the herniated thoracic disc which is mostly caused by a poor posture.

Type-3: The third type is the bulging disc in neck which squeezes the nerve inside it and may lead to permanent nerve damage.

What is Herniated Disc

What Causes Herniated Disc:

There are several factors noted why a bulging disc in neck occurs. Early traumas or injuries to the spine, aging, poor and a detrimental lifestyle are among the top causes of bulging disc in neck. Neck pains are caused by severe trauma or spasm in the muscles of the neck but not in all cases.

What are the Symptoms:

At first, the symptoms of this type of herniated disc cannot be seen or felt.  Bulging disc neck symptoms includes bulging disc neck pain, weakness, muscle spasms, headaches and tingling pains like being pinched by a pin or needle. The manifestations occur at a particular part of the body then spreads to the surrounding area. In bulging disc the pain starts from the upper portion of the back or neck then proceeds to the shoulders and arms.

Bulging disc symptoms range from mild to severe but one thing is commonly sure pain. Pain in varying degrees makes the one with bulging disc symptoms suffer most.  These discs might either be damaged, herniated or bulging. Most of the cases of bulging neck occur in the lower back of patients. Pain that actually radiates in the shoulders of patients and in their arms seems liked pushed or pinched upon pain. When discs lose their ability to protect and cushion, this leads to more stress, tears and tormenting pain to the human sufferer. The pain is more commonly defined as a pinch nerve in the neck pain, therefore this pain is sharp, excruciating and of great nuisance to the sufferer of the pain.

The bulging disc in neck symptoms are relieved or best recovered if the patient is allowed an ample time to rest, complete rest at that, and minimal movement of the affected part to fully allow re growth of the injured tissues. Some takes over the counter pain medications that relieve pain and inflammation of the injured area. Physiotherapy can also be of great help. The primitive way of heat and cold application becomes very beneficial for patients experiencing bulging disc in neck symptom. A firm mattress and comfortable pillow is a magical set in helping the patients’ recovery better and fast because these materials helps keep straighten the back. Legs can also be elevated to facilitate comfort to the patient. Most people opt for physical therapy to relieve the symptoms with a very few number believes in surgery. While surgery permanently corrects the anatomical problem of these discs, it is of the last resort or option because the surgery of the spine entails greater risks than the benefits.

What are the Treatments:

The purpose of a bulging disc treatment is to alleviate the signs and symptoms of a herniated disc in neck through the removal of the pressure inside or by making the sensation dull. Bulging disc treatment undergoes a first process which is the “wait and see” method. There are some instances that bulging disc do not require any invasive treatment. Medical practitioners usually recommend the patient to rest and observe the bulging disc neck symptoms they experience for a couple of the days. Many doctors suggest the self healing technique to patients because the body has the ability to repair the disturbances and can execute a recovery on its own.

Bulging disc can be determined by careful assessment on the patient through an over-all check up and by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). By physical check-up, medical practitioners will be able to diagnose this type of condition which may lead to a less invasive treatment. The MRI which is a laboratory procedure that shows a detailed image of the internal organs of the affected area also aids in the cure of bulging disc in neck. Through these methods, they are able to determine the severity of the condition and can suggest the possible treatment.

Patients should consult expert medical practitioners to provide them a wide variety of options for the kind of treatment which is according to their preference. Most commonly used herniated disc treatment includes rest, spinal decompression, physical therapy, pain medication, anti-inflammatory medicines, epidural shots of cortisone, stretching, yoga, acupuncture, biofeedback and many others.

Conservative remedy for bulging disc neck pain involves methods that do not require an invasive procedure. Bulging disc in neck treatment in this category constitutes stretching exercises that can be done at the comforts of your home and anti inflammatory medications to avoid swelling of the affected area. Moreover, anti-inflammatory drugs are used as analgesics to avoid the neck pain. The mechanism of action of these forms of drugs is through the central nervous system.

Another category of bulging disc treatment is the alternative medicines or orthodox treatment. Yoga, acupuncture and biofeedback are just some of the famous traditional way of curing diseases. Yoga is related to a meditative practice of Islamic countries that refers to the traditional discipline of the spiritual, mental and physical self.  Acupuncture is another form of natural body healing by using small needles to fix the disturbances within a patient’s body. It is also believed that through acupuncture, one can avoid the pain, relieve the stress and promote health. Biofeedback is also one way of practicing orthodox method by being aware of the psychological faculties of a person and being able to manipulate them. By this way of treating bulging disc in the neck, one may feel as if he was already cured from the diseases.

The physical therapy technique entails assistance from a licensed practitioner to help you get rid of some discomforts that may arise during bulging disc disease. It is more aggressive in approach as compared to three other methods mentioned earlier. Doctors recommend their patients to enroll in a treatment facility that provides physical regimen for special diseases. Patients are also referred to chiropractors that do manipulative exercises to aid clients in pain relief and disc healing.

Physical therapy is one way of minimizing the symptoms experience in bulging disc. In some cases, an excellent management of manifestations is through bulging disc therapy which does not require invasive neck operation. Some of these methods include, non invasive body therapy, over the counter medications and hot compresses provided that the severity of the condition is not in the crucial level.   Patient should only consider surgery when all of the alternative therapies have not worked to relieve the pain of bulging disc in neck.

Invasive neck procedure is the last option for the patient to consider. Before undergoing surgery, a patient should consult his doctor to confirm the prognosis and must develop a conservative surgical plan for the patient to avoid discomforts. In addition to this, the medical team should guarantee the patient that there are no further underlying issues for him to worry of.

If all other bulging disc fails, surgery is the last option. It is the terminal choice because it encompasses complicated surgical procedures that may endanger the life of a patient. A minimal invasive procedure for all clients who doesn’t want to go on operation is through an endoscopic procedure by the laser institute which treat herniated disc in neck without affecting other tissues.

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