What is Diabetes? Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes

What is Diabetes:

Millions of people around the world have diabetes and many of them don’t know what the disease is. Diabetes means that your body does not produce hormone insulin efficiently.

Our body converts carbohydrates from the foods we eat into a sugar called glucose. During digestion glucose passes into our bloodstream, causing our blood sugar levels to high.

The release of insulin a hormone produced by your pancreas. Insulin moves excess glucose out of our bloodstream and into our cells, which it’s used for energy.

People with diabetes can no longer regulate blood sugar levels for some reasons. The pancreas produces little or no insulin or the body’s cells resist insulin so it cannot move glucose into the cells.

The result is an unhealthy buildup of sugar in the bloodstream. High blood sugar may not cause immediate, noticeable symptoms but later it can damage our blood vessels and lead to serious complications which includes kidney problems, heart disease, nerve damage and even blindness.

But we can avoid these complications if we keep our blood sugar levels as low as we can with a smart diet, regular exercise and medication.

Diabetes Types:

Diabetes takes different forms, from prediabetes to type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes affects people of all ages. Nearly 26 million people who have diabetes in America alone and 90% have type 2 diabetes, 5% have type 1 diabetes and 5% have some other form of diabetes.

Prediabetes:

A prediabetes patient has abnormally high blood sugar levels but not high enough to warrant a diagnosis of diabetes. Prediabetes is a new term and sometimes it’s called impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose.

Prediabetes means may increases your risk for heart disease and other conditions related to high blood sugar. But at the early stage you can still reverse the condition and reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. First you must confirm whether you have prediabetes or not.

What is Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes:

A type 1 diabetes patient has an immune system that attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. With little insulin or no insulin glucose builds up our blood because it can’t get inside the cells that need it.

Type 1 diabetes patient needs daily insulin injections or doses from an insulin pump. Type 1 diabetes is often called juvenile-onset diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes.

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Type 2 Diabetes:

A type 2 Diabetes patient produces too little insulin to regulate blood sugar, or his body’s cells become resistant to insulin and can’t use it properly. Sometimes both problems occur.

Type 2 diabetes often starts with insulin resistance. The resulting increase in blood sugar confuses the pancreas into thinking more insulin is needed.

Eventually, the pancreas’ beta cells wear out from constant overproduction of insulin and can no longer make enough of it. But you can manage type 2 diabetes with a healthy diet, exercise, weight control and prescribe medication.

Gestational Diabetes:

In some people, diabetes occur for the first time during her pregnancy this type of diabetes called gestational diabetes and it occurs in 7% of pregnant women.

Mostly it’s a temporary condition that goes away after the pregnancy, but in some cases it will continue even after childbirth. Gestational diabetes increases a woman’s risk of developing of type 2 diabetes up to 60% in the future.

Other Types of Diabetes:

The very less common types of diabetes are caused by genetic conditions, pancreatic disorders, medications, infections and many other.

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