What is Low Blood Pressure? and its Types, Cause and Symptoms

Low blood pressure can be good or bad, since it varies according to each different person. For people who are fit and healthy, like an athlete, having a low blood pressure is excellent. We also have the idea that we need to always lower our blood pressure since we know that hypertension (high blood pressure levels) can be in fact very dangerous to our body.

However, most people are not on their top on their top physical condition. In these cases having low blood pressure can be a serious condition that manifests itself in the form of dizziness, fatigue, fainting among other symptoms that indicate in many cases dangerous underlying conditions, such as neurological, endocrine disorders, and life threatening conditions such as septic shocks (where there is present a sudden drop on the blood pressure levels).

Low blood pressure appears with a series of classic symptoms, unlike hypertension which builds gradually, the common symptoms of low blood pressure are: trouble with concentration, anxiety, dizziness, fatigue, breathing patter changes (it becomes shallow and fast), pale, cold skin; depression, thirst and fainting.  If you experience these symptoms you need to visit a doctor as soon as possible to get proper low blood pressure treatment and get your blood pressure back to normal. Cases of dizziness and fainting that indicate a sudden drop on pressure levels need to be attended immediately, call emergency if you feel these.

Low blood pressure and its symptoms can be prevented if you take some action in your life. To start you can prevent low blood pressure cause by dehydration by drinking more water and avoiding alcohol. Nutritional deficiencies need to be addressed by a healthy diet that provides you of all the essential nutrients and maintain a good level of vitamin B-12. Other advice include moving slowly when getting up or changing a position (from prone to standing), and eating small low-carb meals to avoid a drop of blood pressure after eating.

What is Blood Pressure

Types of Low Blood Pressure:

Low blood pressure occurs when there is not enough force in the pressure to send proper blood flow to the organs. If we are going to speak of actual numbers, it may be difficult since what is considered a low pressure levels problem will vary from person to person, depending on factors such as age, body size and fitness level.

Not all low blood pressure is the same; there are two types of low blood pressure neurally mediated hypotension and orthostatic hypotension.

1. Neurally Mediated Hypotension:
This type of low blood pressure appears when there is an abnormal interaction between the brain and the heart. Symptoms of this hypotension include: fainting, lightheadedness, aches in the muscle, headaches, confusion, and dizziness.

This Low blood pressure cause is still not well understood, it’s in these cases when doctors believe that there is a genetic factor predisposing people to this condition. To treat it doctors recommend an increased intake of salt with water and add some prescribed medications such as Fludrocortisone, Beta-blockers, Ephedrine, among others.

2. Orthostatic Hypotension:
This type of low blood pressure occurs when there is a sudden drop in the blood pressure levels, caused when the amount of blood in the body is lower than normal.  There are many factors that can contribute to his, including use of diuretics, dehydration, prolonged rest in bed, and other types of medications that interact lowering your blood pressure.

Orthostatic hypotension is treated keeping in mind the underlying condition. For example if it is caused by the interaction of medications, you doctor may adjust the dosage or maybe find new alternatives to your current intake.  The doctor will also recommend some changes in lifestyle as low blood pressure treatment, included periodic checking of pressure, increased salt intake, a change in meal frequency and amount and drinking big amounts of water to prevent dehydration.

Common Causes of Low BP:

Among the most common causes of low blood pressure we have pregnancy, medications, heart problems, endocrine problems, dehydration, blood loss, sever infections, allergic reactions, stress, faulty diet or malnutrition, loss of blood due to any injury, loss of blood during the menstruation cycle, and nutritional deficiencies.

Medications: Medications are often the causes of low blood pressure, there are different products that can cause this condition, especially drugs that treat high blood pressure and combinations with some drugs with narcotics and alcohol. Before taking any new medication you should talk to your doctor about the side effects and interactions.

Pregnancy: During the first 24 weeks of pregnancy the blood pressure always lower in women, because of the expansion of the circulatory system.

Heart Issues: Like heart failure, heart attack and heart valve problems.  This happens because they keep your body form circulating sufficient blood.

Dehydration: When this happens you lose water, and this produce the symptoms of low blood pressure, specially dizziness and fatigue. Dehydration can be cause by diarrhea, vomiting, fever or excessive exercises.

Blood Loss: Another common cause of low pressure, if you get injured and lose blood you’ll have less pressure because there is less circulation.

Severe Infection: This is also called Septicemia, this happens when an infection enters the blood flow, and it can cause a very dangerous and sudden drop of blood pressure, known as septic shock.

Allergic Reaction: This is called Anaphylaxis, this allergic reaction is triggered by certain foods, venoms, latex and medications.

Nutritional Deficiencies: If you have a vitamin B-12 deficiency, you can suffer of low blood pressure levels caused by anemia.

Endocrine Problems: Low blood pressure can be caused by hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Other problems such as hypoglicemia, Addison’s disease and even diabetes are also known to cause low blood pressure.

Signs and Symptoms of Low BP:

These low blood pressure symptoms appear when the blood pressure has gone to some pretty low levels. Since the low blood pressure can be caused by an underlying condition, doctors must find out the cause of this and search for any problems that might be triggering this.

There are some cases when blood pressure suddenly drops. This can be a sign of an underlying condition; you’ll have to go through medical examination to check what it could be. The classic symptoms of low blood pressure are:

  • Trouble keeping focused
  • Anxiety
  • Blurred Vision
  • Dizziness often accompanied by nausea
  • Thirst
  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Fainting
  • Weakness
  • Easily Tired
  • Laziness
  • Changes in Breathing Patterns

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *