All About Wisdom Tooth – Impacted, Age, Pain, Removal and Infection

Wisdom teeth also known as third molars are the last set of teeth to develop and appear. It is not uncommon for these teeth to be missing in our dentition.

But, when they do come out, it is usually during the late teens or early twenties (ages 17 to 21 approximately) and can be a valuable asset if your teeth are healthy and aligned.

This means the wisdom teeth are unable to come into your mouth fully and often get shoved about and erupt into your mouth at unusual angles.

Impacted Wisdom Teeth

Function of Wisdom Teeth:

As we have 28 other teeth, wisdom teeth usually do not have any special function. We are able to chew, maintain facial aesthetics and our facial profile with the other teeth.

In case we lose one of the other molar teeth due to any accident or tooth decay, the wisdom tooth can be moved forward in position with the help of orthodontics and it then takes on a very important role in chewing and eating.

Impacted Wisdom Teeth:

Teeth that remain partially or completely entrapped within the jawbone are called ‘impacted teeth’. If these teeth manage to come into the mouth and we can keep them clean, there is no need to extract them.

If the teeth is no need to extract them. If the teeth are impacted and cause pain, swelling and infection frequently, it is better of get them extracted.

Before extracting wisdom teeth it is always better to weigh the pros and cons of the procedure. Based on the proximity of the tooth to the maxillary sinus or nerve bundle in the lower jaw, removal can be complicated.

However, since we are evolving as a species, the jaws are shrinking in size and due to lack of space the wisdom teeth frequently do not erupt or manage to erupt only partially. In most cases, molar teeth are misaligned and necessitate removal.

Misalignment of Molar Teeth: Molar teeth are said to be misaligned or in a bad position if they are:
• Horizontal
• Angled toward or even away from the second molar
• Angled inwards
• Angled outwards
• Misaligned wisdom teeth can present a host of potential problems for teeth as well as gums.

Complication of Misaligned Teeth: Poor alignment of molar teeth can lead to a host of problems such as:
• Crowding or damaging the teeth adjacent to wisdom teeth.
• Damaging the jawbone.
• Damaging nerves in that area.
• Wisdom teeth which lean towards the second molars entrap plaque and food debris.
• Wisdom teeth which are completely trapped within the jawbone may break out through the gum.
• Partially erupted wisdom teeth create an opening for bacteria accumulation and cause infection.
• Partially erupted wisdom teeth are prone to decay and gum disease since they are hard to clean.

SOURCE: B-Positive Health Magazine

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